Recruitment of Italian workers and working conditions in Italy in 2022
Italy Recruitment and Working Conditions in Italy in 2022
In Italy, one of the largest economies in the Mediterranean, the balances in the labor market and unemployment rates vary from region to region, depending on the geographical structure of the country. When we look at the southern part of Italy, where mostly industrial activities are carried out in the northern regions, it is seen that tourism and agricultural activities are concentrated and the workforce is predominantly employed in these sectors.
Between 2018 and 2020, with the measures taken despite the effects of Covid-19, the unemployment rate in Italy decreased from 10.63% to 9.16%. However, in 2021, when the effects of the pandemic continued, the agricultural sector was hit by the closure of the borders and the ban on the entry of seasonal workers to the country, and the unemployment rate came back to 10% as a result of small businesses laying off workers to continue their activities. According to the figures announced in June 2022, the unemployment rate in Italy decreased to 8.2% in May.
According to the data announced on January 1, 2021, Italy, with a population of 59,258,000 people, is home to 5,035,000 foreign citizens, who make up 8.5% of the population. Italy; Due to the collapse of the Berlin Wall, the European Union’s decision to enlarge, the Arab Spring in North Africa, it has received intense immigration, however, it continues to receive intense immigration from both Asian countries and Ukraine due to the Russia-Ukraine war. .
The countries where Italy receives the most immigrants are; Romania, Albania, Ukraine, Poland, Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia, China, Latin American countries and the Philippines. As of 2021, the foreign population living in Italy; Immigrants originate from Europe 47.6%, Africa 22.25%, Asia 22.64%, America 7.49% and Oceania 0.04%.
While foreign citizens in Italy have the opportunity to work in the tourism and agriculture sectors, which are seasonally accelerated, sectors such as English language teaching and automotive stand out as areas where foreign workers are intensively employed.
What is the Current Situation of the Employment Gap in Italy?
In 2022, the international job search engine LinkedIn shared with the public its data on the ranking of the work areas with the most job postings in the last 5 years and more advertised than other job positions. According to the LinkedIn ranking, the sectors with the highest employment gaps in Italy are the technology sector, human resources, finance and customer service.
According to LinkedIn data, it is noteworthy that the common criterion sought in the advertisements given by companies for recruitment in Italy in 2022 is work experience. Job postings in Italy in the last year are mainly for the technology sector; robotics engineer, machine learning engineer, cloud architect and data engineer are seen as the most sought after positions. Firms in Italy prefer candidates who are experienced and have worked in the relevant position for at least 4 years.
What Are the Desired Professions in Italy?
According to the data of Skills Panorama, the labor market data specialist group of the European Union (EU), the list of sought-after occupational groups in Italy is as follows.
- Occupations in the healthcare industry
- Information and communication technology specialists
- Marketing, graphic and design specialists
- Science and technology, engineering and math (STEM) professionals
- teaching professionals
It is known that most of the gaps in the occupational groups listed by Skills Panorama are filled by foreign nationals in Italy. Skills Panorama estimates that between 2018 and 2030, a quarter of total employment demand in Italy will be in management, health, social care and professional services.
How is the Labor Shortage Expected in Italy in the Future?
According to Statista, which studies European Union market and consumer data; Between 2021 and 2030, the most sought-after position in Italy will be business and management assistant with the expectation of more than 1 million job postings. Based on Statista data, Italy’s future workforce gap is expected to be in the teaching, hotel services, retail specialist, construction and construction sub-sectors.
Are There Job Opportunities for Turks in Italy?
For Turkish citizens who want to work in Italy, the probability of finding a job especially in tourism sector positions and English teaching is very high. Food, technology, textile and chemistry fields also offer various opportunities in terms of job opportunities, as the sectors with the most worker and engineer shortages. It can be said that Turkish citizens who have received technology education and have sufficient experience can find jobs more easily in Italy in the fields of software, application development, telecommunication system design and computer equipment design.
Where Are Turkish Companies Job Postings Posted in Italy?
Job postings of Turkish companies operating in Italy are published in English on international job search engines such as Indeed, Jooble and LinkedIn, as well as on their own websites. Although the job postings of Turkish companies in Italy vary according to the company, they can be published in Turkish on various career websites. In order to reach the relevant advertisements, Italy can be searched in the “location” section of the website.
What is Italy Recruitment Quota?
The Italian recruitment quota (Decreto Flussi) is a system in which the Italian government sets an entry quota for citizens of non-EU countries to be employed in Italy as self-employed and seasonal workers each year. Decreto Flussi, also known as the Immigrant Flow Decree, is used as the system that determines which types of residence permits can be converted to other types of permits for foreign nationals who have the legal right to reside in the country, as it sets the employment quota in Italy.
The number of workers expected to enter Italy by sectors and types of work each year is announced by the Immigration Department of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs with an immigration quota decree . In Italy’s 2022 Immigration Quota Decree, annual recruitment quotas were announced for seasonal, non-seasonal and self-employed workers. According to the 2022 Decree, a quota of 69,700 people is reserved for seasonal work, while a quota of 27,700 people is reserved for non-seasonal and self-employed. In the decree, 20,000 persons of non-seasonal work permits; It was announced that it was reserved for foreign workers to be employed in the road transport, construction, tourism and hospitality sectors.
How to Apply for Recruitment in Italy within the Scope of Immigration Quota?
As of January 12, 2022, the employee recruitment application form within the scope of the Italian Immigration Quota can only be accessed online via the portal https://portaleservizi.dlci.interno.it/. Applications for the recruitment of non-seasonal workers started at 09:00 on January 27, 2022, and applications for the recruitment of seasonal workers as of 09:00 on February 1, 2022. The condition required for the evaluation of the Italian employment application with the immigration quota is to have the SPID identity, as published in the circular of the Italian Ministry of Interior.
How to Get to Italy as a Worker
Non-EU citizens who want to work and live in Italy need a visa, work permit and residence permit. Italy work visa that people who plan to stay in Italy for more than 3 months must obtain; Lavoro Subordinato is also known as D-type or long-stay visa. It can be said that the work permit application approval process of Turkish citizens currently working in Turkey or studying in Italy is concluded relatively easily and quickly.
Do You Need to Know Italian to Go to Italy as a Worker?
Since there are many international companies operating in Italy, it is not necessary to know Italian to work in the country. It is advantageous to know Italian at a basic level in order to find a job in Italian companies other than international companies and to meet the language proficiency required during the work permit application.
Do I Need an Equivalency to Work in Italy?
If a specific certificate or bachelor’s degree is required for the position to be worked in Italy, professional equivalency procedures must be completed before going to Italy. The certification requirements of the job in Italy may differ according to different administrative regions of the country, therefore, before starting the equivalence procedures, it is necessary to reach the legislation regarding the regions through the Italian Immigration Office portal.
How to Get a Work Visa in Italy?
In order for the citizens of the Republic of Turkey to obtain a work visa in Italy, they must find a valid work permit in Italy and then apply for a long-term work visa by making an appointment with the Italian foreign representative offices in Turkey.
The employer, who is contracted to work in Italy, has to apply to the Italian authorities regarding the workers to be employed. The employer is requested to apply to the Single Box Office for Immigration (Sportello Unico Immigrazione), which operates under the governorship (prefettura) of the city where the worker to be employed in Italy will work and reside. The Single Box Office for Immigration (Sportello Unico Immigrazione) office is the government office that controls and manages the entire process of recruitment of foreign workers in Italy.
After the employer’s application to the Italian authorities, the worker, whose work permit is approved in Italy, must apply for an Italian work visa to the Italian representations in Turkey. Citizens of the Republic of Turkey, who have received work permit approval and have been approved for a long -term Italy visa , must apply for a residence permit to the relevant authorities after entering Italy.
Where to Get a Work Visa in Italy?
Italy work visas can be obtained from Italian foreign representations in Turkey. After the necessary documents for the application are prepared, an appointment is made from the iData intermediary institution according to the province of residence, and the biometrics procedures are completed.
People who want to get consultancy for Italy work visa applications can also apply through accredited visa centers. Visam.net had the highest approval rate for Italy work visa applications between 2019 and 2022 with 92.4%.
People who have found a job in Italy and have obtained a work permit can get up-to-date expert support on Vizem.net in the equivalence procedures and work visa application processes, if necessary.
The maximum legal working time in Italy is 40 hours per week, with 8 hours of overtime. Italians work an average of just under 36 hours a week, according to Statista, which studies market and consumer behavior in EU countries. Working hours in Italy are between 08:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00 on weekdays, and 13:00-15:00 are considered as a two-hour lunch break.
Regardless of the occupational group, all employees in Italy have at least 4 weeks of paid leave and 12 days of public holiday per year. In Italy, taxes are collected from employees that vary according to the income earned; Five income tax bands between 23% and 43% are applied to employees whose earnings are over 15,000 euros, 15,000 to 75,000 euros and 75,001 euros.
Italy is one of the countries with a coast on the Mediterranean, such as Spain, and family relations have similarities with Turkey. In the Italian culture, where strong family ties are preserved, it can be said that working people try to establish a balanced work-life balance.
What are the Average Salaries in Italy?
According to the data of the Economic Research Institute, workers’ salaries in Italy average 23,353 euros per year, and an average of 1,946 euros per month. Average monthly salaries for some occupations in Italy can be seen below.
- Surgeons, 21,000 euro per month
- Lawyers, 14,000 euros per month
- Bank managers, 13,000 euros per month
- Marketing managers, between 2,390 and 7,620 euros per month
- Lecturers, from 3,190 to 10,200 euros per month
What Are the Best Cities to Work in Italy?
One of the most ideal cities to work in Italy is Rome, which creates significant employment in the accommodation and tourism sector. Rome provides job opportunities for many foreign nationals, from program managers, hotel staff, employees and managers in cafes, restaurants and entertainment venues, which are needed by large tour companies.
Milan, which is the financial, trade and production center of Italy, offers important business opportunities in the fields of engineering and banking. In the Tuscany region of Italy, agricultural activities are emphasized and seasonal agricultural workers are intensively employed in this region. Tuscany stands out as the region where artisans are concentrated as well as agricultural workers.